Rethinking Historians’ Expertise

The ReThink network examines the practices of professional historical research and the acquisition of relevant skills from the point of view of education and the theory of history

Project overview

The ReThink research network examines the practices of professional historical research and the acquisition of relevant skills from the point of view of education and the theory of history, thus bringing together specialists on the conceptual foundations of history and the empirical testing of learning. The research is conducted jointly at three Finnish Universities: at the Department of Teacher Education at the University of Turku and the Departments of Philosophy at both the University of Oulu and Åbo Akademi University. The network aims to contribute to the development of history teaching in higher education and the training of teachers in primary and secondary schools, and provoke public debate on the role of history in schools in general as well as on the ways in which the past is dealt with by enthusiasts outside the discipline.

Keywords: Conceptual change; Constructivist theory of history; Epistemic cognition; Epistemology; Expertise in history; Eye-tracking; Higher education; Historical thinking; Motivation; Spatial Statistics; Structural Equation Modeling

Team members

Jonas Ahlskog

Jonas Ahlskog

Philosophy, Åbo Akademi University

Jonas Ahlskog is a PhD candidate at Åbo Akademi University, Finland. His research focuses on philosophy of testimony, memory studies, philosophy of history and cultural theory. He has published articles on these topics in journals such as Philosophical Investigations and Historisk tidskrift. Ahlskog is currently working on a thesis about the role of testimonial knowledge in historical research. Ahlskog is also active as the director of Folkets bildningsförbund, an association organizing public discussion about social and cultural issues.

  • +358 50 5147 297
  • jonas.ahlskog(a)abo.fi
Anna Ahtola

Anna Ahtola

Department of Teacher Education, University of Turku

Anna Ahtola’s (MA, education) master’s thesis examined museums as multisensory learning environments, thus combining the perspectives of museum pedagogy and special needs education. Ahtola’s other research interests include lifelong learning and different types of learners. Based in Helsinki, Ahtola is currently working as a special education teacher in the Helsinki metropolitan area. In addition to work in the field of education and teaching, she also has comprehensive experience in working in sales environments.

  • ajkaht(a)gmail.com
Natan Elgabsi

Natan Elgabsi

Philosophy, Åbo Akademi University

Natan Elgabsi is a Ph.D. candidate at the department of Philosophy at Åbo Akademi University. He works on the problem between epistemology and ethics, and especially on how this problem is evident in scientific debates on history, memory and genealogy. The major ethical problem for him is the researcher’s authority as an expert, and thus the question of his responsibility which undoubtedly tends to announce itself when scientifically rendering stories of historical or genealogical belonging. His point of departure is hermeneutic, and drawing mostly on ideas from J. Derrida, P. Ricoeur, H.G. Gadamer, and S.Weil.

  • nelgabsi(a)abo.fi
Mikko Kainulainen

Mikko Kainulainen

Department of Teacher Education, University of Turku

Mikko Kainulainen is a PhD candidate at the University of Turku, Finland. His research focuses on history education, mathematics education, epistemic cognition and conceptual change. In mathematics, he has studied the learning of rational numbers. Kainulainen has experience in teaching and other educational work in both academia and the private sector. He has designed digital learning environments and developed educational methods for using a mobile application to advance K-12 students’ spontaneous focusing on mathematical aspects of everyday life. Based in Helsinki, Kainulainen is currently working on a doctoral thesis about the development of history experts in higher education.

  • +358 40 5345 795
  • mikain(a)utu.fi
Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen

Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen

Centre for Philosophical Studies of History, University of Oulu

Associate Professor of Philosophy Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen received his PhD in Philosophy from the University of Edinburgh in 2006 and has also worked in the universities of Durham, Leiden and Hull. Kuukkanen is a founder and co-director of The Oulu Centre for Philosophical Studies of History, and has published widely on the philosophy of science and specifically on Thomas Kuhn, on the philosophical foundations of the historiography of science and the history of ideas, and on the philosophy of historiography. His book Postnarrativist Philosophy of Historiography (Palgrave) was published in 2015.

Satu Laitinen

Satu Laitinen

Department of Teacher Education, University of Turku

Satu Laitinen is a PhD candidate at the University of Turku, Finland. Her research focuses on motivation and its structure and stability. In her work, Laitinen has specialized in the use of sophisticated statistical tools, such as Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). She has published on motivation and associations between language skills and child’s interest in, e.g., Finnish Journal of Education and Research Papers in Education, and is currently finalizing her doctoral dissertation on the role of motivation in early development of language skills.

  • satu.laitinen(a)utu.fi
Ilkka Lähteenmäki

Ilkka Lähteenmäki

Centre for Philosophical Studies of History, University of Oulu

Ilkka Lähteenmäki is a PhD candidate at University of Oulu, Finland. His research focuses on possibilities and limitations of different forms of historical (re)presentation, including games, social media feed, museum exhibitions, and of course the traditional narrative historical text. Lähteenmäki is currently working on a thesis which discusses the theoretical usefulness of conceptualising different kinds of historical representations as historical worlds instead of informative texts or explanations.

  • ilkka.o.lahteenmaki(a)oulu.fi
Kalle Pihlainen

Kalle Pihlainen

Philosophy, Åbo Akademi University

Kalle Pihlainen is Adjunct Professor of Philosophy and Cultural Theory at Åbo Akademi University and of Political History and Cultural History at the University of Turku, Finland. His research focuses on the theory and philosophy of history as well as literary and historical culture, with particular emphasis on the ethics and politics of historical representation, embodiment and existential phenomenology. He has published extensively on these topics in journals and anthologies, and a book, The Work of History: Constructivism and a Politics of the Past, is forthcoming from Routledge in 2017. His current research project, funded by the Estonian Research Council, concentrates on the turn to materiality in recent theory debates. He is active in a number of organizations for the promotion of research in the theory and philosophy of history, including the International Network for Theory of History (INTH), of which he is a co-founder.

Marjaana Puurtinen

Marjaana Puurtinen

Turku Institute for Advanced Studies (TIAS)
Department of Teacher Education, University of Turku

Marjaana Puurtinen’s (PhD, education; MA, history) research focuses on the characteristics of expertise and the development of skills related to proficiency in both history and music. In addition to her interests in bridging general cognitive theories on expertise to more domain-specific views on proficiency, she has specialized in the application of eye-tracking methodology to educational research and worked on the visual processing of music notation, written text, and historical images. At present, she works on her postdoctoral project at the Turku Institute for Advanced Studies in close collaboration with a research consortium between the Universities of Jyväskylä and Turku, funded by the Academy of Finland (2014–2018) and studying expertise in music. In 2014, she worked together with Arja Virta on a project studying the visual literacy skills of history students and funded by the Finnish Cultural Foundation.

Arja Virta

Arja Virta

Department of Teacher Education, University of Turku

Professor of History and Social Science Education Arja Virta has a PhD in both history (1982) and education (1995), as well as a long experience in educating history and social science teachers. In 2010–2015, she was the Vice-President of the International Society for History Didactics and, since then, has continued as a member of the organization’s Scientific Advisory Board. Virta has, among other topics, studied the way that children and adolescents manifest their understanding of the past while working with history-related material as well as dealt with the professional growth of prospective history teachers. In 2014, she led a study on the visual literacy skills of history students (funded by the Finnish Cultural Foundation). She is currently acting as the Head of Department of Teacher Education at the University of Turku.

  • +358 2 333 5654
  • arja.virta(a)utu.fi
Kari Väyrynen

Kari Väyrynen

Centre for Philosophical Studies of History, University of Oulu

Kari Väyrynen is senior university lecturer and adjunct professor of philosophy at the University of Oulu. He is a co-director of The Oulu Centre for Theoretical and Philosophical Studies of History and of the Centre for Environmental Humanities (University of Oulu). His research focuses on the philosophy and theory of history, history of philosophy (especially Antiquity and classical German Idealism), philosophy of education and environmental philosophy. He has recently edited (with Jarmo Pulkkinen) two books on the theory and philosophy of history (in Finnish, Vastapaino 2015 & 2016).

Anna-Kaisa Ylitalo

Anna-Kaisa Ylitalo

Department of Music, University of Jyväskylä

Anna-Kaisa Ylitalo’s research focuses on statistical analysis of eye movements, namely spatial and spatio-temporal statistics, point processes, longitudinal data analysis and methodology development. Her doctoral thesis in statistics, finalized in 2017, is about the statistical inference and modeling of eye movements using spatial and spatio-temporal point processes. At present, Ylitalo works as a project researcher in a research consortium ”Reading Music: Eye-movements and the Development of Expertise”. The consortium is funded by the Academy of Finland (2014–2018) and is a collaboration between University of Jyväskylä and University of Turku.

  • +358 40 8053 119
  • anna-kaisa.ylitalo(at)jyu.fi

Institutional and organisational affiliations

ÅA

ÅA

Åbo Akademi University
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UTUGS

UTUGS

University of Turku Graduate School
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University of Turku

University of Turku

University of Turku
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University of Oulu

University of Oulu

University of Oulu
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TIAS

TIAS

Turku Institute for Advanced Studies
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Oulu Centre

Oulu Centre

The Oulu Centre for Theoretical and Philosophical Studies of History
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ISHD

ISHD

International Society for History Didactics
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INTH

INTH

International Network for Theory of History
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FBF

FBF

Folkets Bildningsförbund
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EARLI

EARLI

European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction
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Feel free to contact us directly through our personal emails or Marjaana Puurtinen (marjaana.puurtinen(a)utu.fi) regarding general network activities and coordination.